Liver & Kidney Profile Test


Liver & Kidney Profile (LFTs, RFTs) is a group of blood tests that assess the functioning of the liver and kidneys. It helps detect liver and kidney diseases, monitor their health, and evaluate overall organ function.


Liver & Kidney Profile, also known as Liver Function Tests (LFTs) and Renal Function Tests (RFTs), is a comprehensive group of blood tests that evaluate the functioning of the liver and kidneys. These tests provide important insights into the health of these vital organs, detect liver and kidney diseases, monitor their progress, and assess overall organ function.

LFTs typically include measurements of liver enzymes such as alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT). These enzymes are released into the bloodstream when the liver is injured or damaged. Abnormal levels of these enzymes can indicate liver conditions such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, or fatty liver disease.

Other markers measured in LFTs include total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, and albumin. Bilirubin is a waste product produced by the breakdown of red blood cells, and abnormal levels can indicate liver or bile duct dysfunction. Albumin is a protein produced by the liver, and low levels can suggest liver damage or impaired liver function.

RFTs assess kidney function and typically include measurements of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). BUN is a waste product formed when proteins break down, and elevated levels can indicate impaired kidney function. Creatinine is a waste product generated by muscle metabolism, and its levels in the blood can reflect kidney function. The eGFR calculates the kidney’s filtration rate and helps assess overall kidney health.

The Liver & Kidney Profile is used in various clinical settings, including routine health check-ups, pre-operative assessments, and monitoring individuals with liver or kidney diseases. It assists healthcare providers in diagnosing and managing conditions such as hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, liver failure, kidney disease, and kidney dysfunction.

Regular monitoring of liver and kidney function is essential, especially for individuals with risk factors such as alcohol abuse, obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, or a history of liver or kidney diseases. Timely detection of abnormalities in liver or kidney function allows for early intervention, proper management, and prevention of complications.

The Liver & Kidney Profile is a simple blood test that requires a blood sample. It helps healthcare providers evaluate the health of these vital organs, make informed clinical decisions, and optimize treatment plans to ensure the well-being and proper functioning of the liver and kidneys.